Basic Psychology

Basic Psychology

The total of values, attitudes, and consistent behavior patterns that are
unique to one person is termed as the personality.

Although, hereditary factors affect personality to some degree,
environmental factors are the most important determinants of personality.
Sigmund Freud, the Father of Psychoanalysis, believed that a healthy
personality depended on a successful transition through fine psychosexual
stages of oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital each with its particular
the conflict that must have overcome.

Freud, in his psychoanalytic approach, believed that the early childhood
experiences do not disappear without a trace. He stated that the mind could
be divided into three levels:

The conscious
The preconscious (subconscious), and
The unconscious.

The conscious mind contains all that we are aware of at any given
The subconscious mind comprises of memories, thoughts, and feelings,
which we can bring into consciousness at will.
The unconscious mind contains all the memories, wishes, and feelings
that we do not know about and cannot recall even if we try. These can be
brought out by psychoanalysis.

Psychoanalysis can be processed in two ways:
Free Association, and Dream Analysis.

According to Freud’s theory, the personality includes three separate, but
interacting systems.
The Id
The Ego, and
The Super Ego.

Id: The primitive unconscious part of the personality. Id is the source of
instinctual energy, which works on the pleasure principle. Id seeks complete
and immediate gratification of desire. Ego: Ego is the reality-based aspect of the self.

The ego is that part of the
personality that seeks to satisfy the Id and the super ego. It is the reality and
practical mind.

Super ego: Super ego is the moral branch of mental functioning. It is the
controlling mind.
When ego can balance between Id and super ego, the mind can
function normally. When there is ego disturbance, there is bound to be
mental imbalance and problems.


Sigmund Freud first identified a unique set of emotional coping strategies
that he called Ego Defense Mechanisms. Defense mechanism is an
automatic, unconscious response that helps a person reduces painful
feelings associated with emotional problems.

Characteristics of Defense Mechanisms

They protect the person from anxiety
They protect the person from insult by boosting self-esteem or through
Defense mechanisms are not used deliberately; rather, they are
unconscious or at least partly so.
Defense mechanisms operate by:
Masking or disguising our true motives
Denying the existence of impulses, actions, or memories within ourselves
that might be provoked anxiety in us.

Adaptive mental mechanisms thus protect us from anxiety. All of us at
times use defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms are essential for
healthy adaptation. Like anxiety, defense mechanisms can contribute in a
positive sense to an individual’s development. Through overuse or failure
when needed, defense mechanisms lead to disruptive and unhappy life


MNG Academy & MNG Healthcare is the leading Nursing Practical training institute in Kolkata & West Bengal. Where we provide tuition & coaching on anatomy, physiology, psychology, microbiology, biochemistry, nutrition, health and hygiene, first-aid & other nursing and pharmacy subjects. Assured  Placement Opportunities for those who have completed their GNM, Auxiliary Nursing & Family Welfare Training, B. Sc. Nursing, Diploma in Pharmacy, Nursing Assistant, Diploma in Fire and Safety Management & other job-related courses from anywhere in India.

The educational safety environment at MNG Academy & MNG Healthcare is very good. Our USP is to provide proper knowledge to students and teach students how to crack the interview board, how to do first aid, meditation, mock test, grooming, PPT presentation, and how we serve society as a nursing assistant where patient care is our main objective.

Our Mission & Vision:

We aim to deliver the highest in learning in both theoretical & practical learning in terms of the medical profession & career guidance and counseling. To make each & every student that comes to our Academy professionally adept in handling all nursing duties, by making them ready for the healthcare industry.

What we offer:

We have state-of-the-art equipment in our practical laboratory as well as 10,000 sq. ft. of infrastructure as well as renowned faculty who are experts in their field & help to provide in-depth knowledge.

Any student seeking admission to advance their career in healthcare, they are looking for admission in nursing colleges in Kolkata or looking for private nursing colleges in Kolkata or course knowledge on various health-related courses.

We provide placement opportunities at old age homes, nursing homeshospitals, various corporate houses, business houses, pharmaceutical organizations, Montessori schools, Kindergarten Schools, Super & multi-specialty hospitals, medicine shops, labs & industries, etc. for various job oriented courses. We are offering Nursing Tutorial & Coaching to student’s community where the nursing course is affiliated by West Bengal Nursing Council, Karnataka State Nursing Council, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science and Indian Nursing Council, and all other state nursing councils. Our laboratory setup has the best in class of lab equipments at MNG Academy, would attract the attention of doctors, nurses, educational consultants, pharmacists, human resources, principal of the college of nursing, principal of school of nursing, NGOs, nurses center, aya center, teacher of biology, chemistry, first aid, hospice, governess, nanny, parents, physiotherapist & various student groups.

MNG Academy is situated at @ Address: 134/1 Southern Avenue, Gol Park, 3rd Floor, Kolkata – 700 029, Contact us at Toll-Free: 1800 8891 301,

Mobile:  62905 08669/ 79801 91430, Email:,


Previous Post Next Post